Have you ever wondered, why wine bottles are not all equal? There are bottles of different colors, texture and even size. Borgo Grondaie  wants to share with you our discover.

 Before, let’s take a step back in history, to know when and where the people began to store wine in bottles.

 Studies say that storing wine in glass bottles dates back to the XVIII century, when in France began producing the first bottles of blown glass.

Nowadays,  bottles are presenting with different shapes, colors  and sizes. The bottle color and shape can play a role in how the wine ages, because the air will come in contact with the wine in different areas depending on the bottle.

The main purpose of the bottle is to minimize the passage of light coming through the glass. The ray of sunshine will make the wine fake and it’s for this reason that especially for wines that will not be consumed young and red wines, dark glass bottles are preferred.

In a commercial context the size of the bottle more used is (0,750 liters), the ideal container for quality wines suitable for aging allow a harmonious and practical for the commercial operations of storage and shipping, also if there are any various sizes (from 0.1875 l up to 130 l).

In addition to the classic standard size, there are larger sizes, the Magnum from a liter and a half, the three-liter Jeroboam, etc.. and half a bottle of 0,375 or 0,500

Here are the namesand sizes of thepopular formats



40 BOTT.



20 BOTT.



16 BOTT.



12 BOTT.



















0,375 LITERS





Let us look atthe different types:


BORDOLESE (1):The Bordeaux, originally from the Bordeaux region, the bottle is more prevalent in the market. It is usually dark red wines while generally transparent or light green to white ones.

BORDOLESE A SPALLA ALTA (2):deriving from above, this form gives greater elegance and is then used to fine details and red wines.

CHAMPAGNOTTA (3):indicated for classic method sparkling wines or champagne, the glass of this bottle, has a greater thickness since it must withstand the pressure exerted by the wine.

CHAMPAGNE CUVEE (4):derived from the previous one, it has a wider base and a longer neck.

RENANA O ALSAZIANA (5):perfect for storage of white wines, this bottle comes with a cylinder-conical shape more stretched tapered. This type of bottle is coming from the cellar of the Rhine, Germany.

MARSALESE (6):as his name indicates, this is the bottle used for storage of Marsala. The glass is dark brown or black.

ALBEISA (7):is generally used for the preservation of red wines of Piemonte. The bottle is dark to allow a better refinement of the product.

BORGOGNA O BORGOGNOTTA (8):this bottle green color is often used for the preservation of the great wines of Burgundy. Characterized by a cylindrical-conical, in the past it was used interchangeably for white and red wines.

BOCKSBEUTEL O PULCIANELLA (9):rounded in shape and green in color. Used for storage of red wines of Franconia.

PORTO (10):generally used for fortified Iberian wines such as Port or Sherry, it often presents with different shades of green or brown.

ANFORA (11):  is generally used in France for the bottling of the wines of Provence. Some Italian companies use it for storage of Verdicchio

Almost all the bottles are used, as well as in the format of the capacity of 750 cl., In size from 375 cl., Said “half“, and in size from 1,500 cl. Called “Magnum”.
The color of the glass used ranges from white to amber, brown, green, shades lighter to darker. Especially for wines intended for aging more or less long in the bottle, it is preferable to use glass very dark, and recent studies have produced compounds that allow to obtain a filtered light for optimum wine storage.


Here a photo of Borgo Grondaie Wine Cellar.


The passions…

If  it is true that the passions rule the world and the land of Tuscany and Siena’s territory are known to create great passions in the hearts of those coming to visit us. One of all … the wine!


Source: www.intravino.com

The true lovers of wine are familiar with the rules governing the wine with the name ” Chianti Classico” 

For all others who are passionate about wine, as we are in Borgo Grondaie, but that are not involved in the daily production of what is called the “nectar of gods”, let us introduce you to some of the rules that make the wine a “Chianti Classico” D.O.C.G. (controlled designation of origin guaranteed)

For example do you know that Sangiovese grape is the real soul of Chianti Classico: typical of these areas , the Sangiovese grapes more than any other is able to represent the characteristics of the ground where it grows succeeding to lend the grape aromas and flavors that send you back to areas of origin ( as a floral bouquet refers to the sandstones , the aroma of berries to the limestone and the smell of fresh tobacco to tuff ) by maintaining the scent of violets that characterizes this incomparable wine.

Along with Sangiovese, other red grapes can be present in a maximum of 20 %,  , such as Canaiolo and Colorino , and those “international” , such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, recommended and / or authorized in the production area .

Among the major organic characteristics are: the ruby color that can sometimes become intense and deep , the scent with floral notes combined with the typical character of red fruit, the smooth taste,  the minimum alcohol content of 12 degrees for the young wine and 12.5 degrees for the reserve , the minimum dry extract content of 24 g/l and the total acidity of not less than 4.5 g/l.

Production factors : the yield of grapes per hectare may not exceed 75 quintal  after 4 years from plant and the yield of grapes into wine can not be greater than 70% , which is 52.50 hectoliters of wine per hectare. In addition, the operations of winemaking and bottling must take place exclusively within the production area and the authorization for home consumption is permitted from the 1rst October subsequent to grape harvest. For the Reserve is mandatory an ageing minimum of 24 months , of which at least 3 of aging in bottle.

Also with regard to the label . The label must indicate ” Chianti Classico” with the specification of ” Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin ” , one of the most prestigious awards for Italian wines , and highlight the year of production of the grapes.

Wine is the poetry of the earth, Mario Soldati writer and director