Posts Tagged ‘siena tour’

Siena Tour Guide

200px Cathedrale de Sienne (Duomo di Siena) Siena Tour Guide

The CATHEDRAL, dedicated to the Assumption, was completed in the main parts by 1215. The design of Siena was very ambitious so they wanted to transform the current in a cathedral in size that exceeds that of rival historical Florence, the existing structure was even made in the transept of what to build, but unfortunately the plague of 1348 decimated the population and other problems became so well the Sienese had to give up dreams of grandeur. Signs of this project are however still visible on the right of the cathedral because the work had already started before the plague.

- Floor, (visible only in September and October): divided into 56 squares, representing the history of Time, Man and Salvation. Carried out between 1300 and 1500 by the greatest artists of Siena.Aisles: the representation of the Sibyl, with priestesses of prophecy inspired by the god Apollo. The Western Church, interpreting what they said such as the advances of Christian history, recognized them as the prophets of the coming of Christ, pagan equivalent of the Old Testament prophets. Each fact has a scroll that contains the anticipation of an event in the life of JesusNave: Wisdom, represented by an Egyptian sage, is the first holder of Revelation but the passage from Revelation has a need for temporal and spatial dimension. The central area is in fact devoted to the representations that represent the territory and the representation of temporal power, subject to human life and the superiority of wisdom on it.Left arm of the cross, the Jewish world stories already touched by the revelation.Right arm of the cross, mixed subjects.Hexagon under the dome: stories of the prophet Elijah.Presbytery: stories of Moses

- Pulpit: depicts scenes from the life of Christ, carved by Nicola Pisano 1266 to 1268.

- Madonna del Voto: school of Guido da Siena, the second half of the century. XIII.

- Libreria Piccolomini frescoes on the life of Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini, future Pope Pius II, executed by Pinturicchio between 1502 and 1507.

Opa Museum: a magnificent panorama of the city you can see from the ‘facciatone’.

- Majesty: performed by Duccio from 1308 to 1311. Work characterized by great refinement of execution. Images are graceful, accurate definition of the details and built across the line and color. Keep in mind this representation to surprise again in comparison with the same subject by Simone Martini in the Museo Civico.

Ospedale Santa Maria della Scala, now a museum: this structure, much like a labyrinth, was the hospital until the ’90s.

- The Pilgrimage: frescoes by Domenico di Bartolo and Vecchietta from 1440 to 1443. The scenes represented recount the origins of this hospital was born in the Middle Ages as a place for the reception of pilgrims traveling to the city and as a structure in which they perform deeds of charity.

PIAZZA DEL CAMPO

The square, built during the rule of the Nine (1287-1355: a period of greater stability and artistic splendor of the Republic of Siena) in the form of a valve of a shell to take advantage of the natural slope of the land. In this place twice a year, on July 2 and August 16, there is the famous horse race called Palio.

- Fonte Gaia: a nineteenth century copy made by the sculptor Tito Sarrocchi. The original, made by Jacopo della Quercia in 1409, is preserved in the Museum Santa Maria della Scala.

- Torre del Mangia: finished building in 1341. It is ’87 meters high and 102 to the lightning rod. It is so called by the nickname of the bell-ringer of Balduccio John, better known as Mangiaguadagni or Mangia, charged by the city to beat the clock. At the top of the tower there is a large bell that the Sienese call Campanone or Sunto because dedicated to the Assumption of Our Lady.

- Palazzo Pubblico: started after 1250 and completed in 1310.

- Cappella di Piazza, built in 1352 to commemorate the plague of 1348.

Museo Civico:

- Majesty: performed by Simone Martini in 1315. Although only 4 years have elapsed from the majesty of the Museum OPA performed by Duccio di Boninsegna, contemporary then Simone Martini, it seems a century has passed so big is the difference in the figurative representation of the same subject, because the Majesty of Simone Martini, unlike that of Duccio, is characterized by the wealth of decorative images. The spirit of chivalry and profane time is reflected in this scene even though the subject is sacred: Saints, dressed in rich costumes, surround Mary receiving gifts from the Angels, kneeling on either side of his throne as a page in front of a lady .

- Guidoriccio da Fogliano, captain of the Sienese by Simone Martini in 1328.

- Allegory of Good Government and Bad Government and its effects in urban and rural: made by Ambrogio Lorenzetti from 1338 to 1340. Works characterized by attention to the elements of naturalistic.

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Heritage Sites Siena

Perhaps you do not know that among the six heritage sites in Tuscany four of them are in the area of Siena: what a privilege it is for us!

Here is the list and the selection criteria of UNESCO for each one of them:

Historic Centre of Siena from 1995

siena Heritage Sites Siena

Siena is the embodiment of a medieval city. Its inhabitants pursued their rivalry with Florence right into the area of urban planning. Throughout the centuries, they preserved their city’s Gothic appearance, acquired between the 12th and 15th centuries. During this period the work of Duccio, the Lorenzetti brothers and Simone Martini was to influence the course of Italian and, more broadly, European art. The whole city of Siena, built around the Piazza del Campo, was devised as a work of art that blends into the surrounding landscape.
Criteria:
- to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
- to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
- to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.
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Historic Centre of San Gimignano from 1990
 Heritage Sites Siena
‘San Gimignano delle belle Torri’ is in Tuscany, 56 km south of Florence. It served as an important relay point for pilgrims travelling to or from Rome on the Via Francigena. The patrician families who controlled the town built around 72 tower-houses (some as high as 50 m) as symbols of their wealth and power. Although only 14 have survived, San Gimignano has retained its feudal atmosphere and appearance. The town also has several masterpieces of 14th- and 15th-century Italian art.
Criteria:
- to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
- to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
- to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.
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Historic Centre of the city of Pienza from 1996
foto pienza Heritage Sites Siena
It was in this Tuscan town that Renaissance town-planning concepts were first put into practice after Pope Pius II decided, in 1459, to transform the look of his birthplace. He chose the architect Bernardo Rossellino, who applied the principles of his mentor, Leon Battista Alberti. This new vision of urban space was realized in the superb square known as Piazza Pio II and the buildings around it: the Piccolomini Palace, the Borgia Palace and the cathedral with its pure Renaissance exterior and an interior in the late Gothic style of south German churches.
Criteria:
- to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
- to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
- to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history.
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Val d’Orcia from 2004
Val d orcia Heritage Sites Siena
The landscape of Val d’Orcia is part of the agricultural hinterland of Siena, redrawn and developed when it was integrated in the territory of the city-state in the 14th and 15th centuries to reflect an idealized model of good governance and to create an aesthetically pleasing picture. The landscape’s distinctive aesthetics, flat chalk plains out of which rise almost conical hills with fortified settlements on top, inspired many artists. Their images have come to exemplify the beauty of well-managed Renaissance agricultural landscapes. The inscription covers: an agrarian and pastoral landscape reflecting innovative land-management systems; towns and villages; farmhouses; and the Roman Via Francigena and its associated abbeys, inns, shrines, bridges, etc.
Criteria:
- to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
- to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).
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Historic Centre of Florence from 1982
firenze duomo Heritage Sites Siena
Built on the site of an Etruscan settlement, Florence, the symbol of the Renaissance, rose to economic and cultural pre-eminence under the Medici in the 15th and 16th centuries. Its 600 years of extraordinary artistic activity can be seen above all in the 13th-century cathedral (Santa Maria del Fiore), the Church of Santa Croce, the Uffizi and the Pitti Palace, the work of great masters such as Giotto, Brunelleschi, Botticelli and Michelangelo.
Criteria:
- to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
- to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
- to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;
- to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history;
- to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).
For evaluation details click here
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa from 1987
080220101032pisa2 Heritage Sites Siena
Standing in a large green expanse, Piazza del Duomo houses a group of monuments known the world over. These four masterpieces of medieval architecture – the cathedral, the baptistry, the campanile (the ‘Leaning Tower’) and the cemetery – had a great influence on monumental art in Italy from the 11th to the 14th century.
Criteria:
- to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius;
- to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
- to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history; to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).
For evaluation details click here
I think the above information can be helpful  in saving time when you plan your first visit in Tuscany. There are lots of wonderful locations  but it is important to know  where to start.  Back home, it could be a shame  to discover  that you missed a ‘must’.
Last but not least take in mind what our guests say about Borgo Grondaie:
IT IS A PERFECT PLACE TO EXPLORE THE TUSCAN COUNTRYSIDE
 
 

 

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