The CATHEDRAL, dedicated to the Assumption, was completed in the main parts by 1215. The design of Siena was very ambitious so they wanted to transform the current in a cathedral in size that exceeds that of rival historical Florence, the existing structure was even made in the transept of what to build, but unfortunately the plague of 1348 decimated the population and other problems became so well the Sienese had to give up dreams of grandeur. Signs of this project are however still visible on the right of the cathedral because the work had already started before the plague.
- Floor, (visible only in September and October): divided into 56 squares, representing the history of Time, Man and Salvation. Carried out between 1300 and 1500 by the greatest artists of Siena.Aisles: the representation of the Sibyl, with priestesses of prophecy inspired by the god Apollo. The Western Church, interpreting what they said such as the advances of Christian history, recognized them as the prophets of the coming of Christ, pagan equivalent of the Old Testament prophets. Each fact has a scroll that contains the anticipation of an event in the life of JesusNave: Wisdom, represented by an Egyptian sage, is the first holder of Revelation but the passage from Revelation has a need for temporal and spatial dimension. The central area is in fact devoted to the representations that represent the territory and the representation of temporal power, subject to human life and the superiority of wisdom on it.Left arm of the cross, the Jewish world stories already touched by the revelation.Right arm of the cross, mixed subjects.Hexagon under the dome: stories of the prophet Elijah.Presbytery: stories of Moses
- Pulpit: depicts scenes from the life of Christ, carved by Nicola Pisano 1266 to 1268.
- Madonna del Voto: school of Guido da Siena, the second half of the century. XIII.
- Libreria Piccolomini frescoes on the life of Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini, future Pope Pius II, executed by Pinturicchio between 1502 and 1507.
Opa Museum: a magnificent panorama of the city you can see from the ‘facciatone’.
- Majesty: performed by Duccio from 1308 to 1311. Work characterized by great refinement of execution. Images are graceful, accurate definition of the details and built across the line and color. Keep in mind this representation to surprise again in comparison with the same subject by Simone Martini in the Museo Civico.
Ospedale Santa Maria della Scala, now a museum: this structure, much like a labyrinth, was the hospital until the ’90s.
- The Pilgrimage: frescoes by Domenico di Bartolo and Vecchietta from 1440 to 1443. The scenes represented recount the origins of this hospital was born in the Middle Ages as a place for the reception of pilgrims traveling to the city and as a structure in which they perform deeds of charity.
PIAZZA DEL CAMPO
The square, built during the rule of the Nine (1287-1355: a period of greater stability and artistic splendor of the Republic of Siena) in the form of a valve of a shell to take advantage of the natural slope of the land. In this place twice a year, on July 2 and August 16, there is the famous horse race called Palio.
- Fonte Gaia: a nineteenth century copy made by the sculptor Tito Sarrocchi. The original, made by Jacopo della Quercia in 1409, is preserved in the Museum Santa Maria della Scala.
- Torre del Mangia: finished building in 1341. It is ’87 meters high and 102 to the lightning rod. It is so called by the nickname of the bell-ringer of Balduccio John, better known as Mangiaguadagni or Mangia, charged by the city to beat the clock. At the top of the tower there is a large bell that the Sienese call Campanone or Sunto because dedicated to the Assumption of Our Lady.
- Palazzo Pubblico: started after 1250 and completed in 1310.
- Cappella di Piazza, built in 1352 to commemorate the plague of 1348.
- Majesty: performed by Simone Martini in 1315. Although only 4 years have elapsed from the majesty of the Museum OPA performed by Duccio di Boninsegna, contemporary then Simone Martini, it seems a century has passed so big is the difference in the figurative representation of the same subject, because the Majesty of Simone Martini, unlike that of Duccio, is characterized by the wealth of decorative images. The spirit of chivalry and profane time is reflected in this scene even though the subject is sacred: Saints, dressed in rich costumes, surround Mary receiving gifts from the Angels, kneeling on either side of his throne as a page in front of a lady .
- Guidoriccio da Fogliano, captain of the Sienese by Simone Martini in 1328.
- Allegory of Good Government and Bad Government and its effects in urban and rural: made by Ambrogio Lorenzetti from 1338 to 1340. Works characterized by attention to the elements of naturalistic.
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